Moisturizer Moisturizes and softens the skin. With viral social media posts and Korean beauty trends taking the internet by storm, finding the right skincare routine can be overwhelming. Do you really need a 12-step routine with a multitude of products or is it better if it's simple? The answer will vary depending on your precise needs and objectives. You might want to adjust your routine a bit for the morning instead of before bed, for example, and also consider seasonal changes that could affect your routine. But overall, the following steps are all you need to maintain healthy skin.
Cleansing is one of the most basic pillars of any skincare routine. This simple act removes dirt, sweat and oils that could otherwise accumulate on the surface of the skin and cause skin rashes. Ideally, you should wash your face every morning and every night with a cleanser formulated for your skin type. For example, sensitive skin requires hypoallergenic and fragrance-free formulas, while people prone to acne should look for a non-comedogenic product, whose ingredients do not clog or further irritate pores.
Toning is an important, but often overlooked, skincare step. In the past, toners contained alcohol-based astringents that dried out oily skin and caused more irritation. There are now many formulas available that can refresh and revitalize the skin as needed, without removing natural moisture. Toning liquids can be easily applied to the skin with your fingertips or with a cotton pad after washing.
The different types contain ingredients such as vitamin C to brighten the skin and protect it against free radicals, hyaluronic acid to increase moisture, or alpha and beta hydroxy acids to eliminate dead skin accumulation. Your dermatologist can help you determine which toner is right for you. Hydration is the final step in the most basic skin care trio: cleansing, treatment and protection. As the name suggests, applying a moisturizer allows you to retain moisture, which combats dryness and keeps your skin looking healthy by allowing it to maintain its elasticity.
As with cleansers and toners, there are different types of moisturizers formulated for specific skin types. For example, people with skin that is too dry may need a cream or ointment formula. People with oily skin may prefer a gel, which is lighter. Regardless of the formula you choose, your daytime moisturizer should have an SPF of at least 30 to avoid exposure to the sun's harmful rays. In general, your skincare routine can consist of two or six steps, as long as the products you use are effective.
In addition to your daily skin care regimen, specialized treatments, such as masks, scrubs or other specific aesthetic services, can give you a boost, whether for a special occasion, a spontaneous stimulus or a more corrective measure. However, for those who can devote more time and energy to their routine, Dr. Palm advises patients to follow the fundamental pyramid of skin care. Daily washing is essential because it cleans the face of dirt, debris and environmental contaminants, while preparing the skin for topical skin care application.
The sixth and final step in skin care is the use of skin care ingredients formulated with growth factors or stem cells. While you can add more measures once you get into the habit, keep in mind that it's more effective to use a simple three-step routine that's truly appropriate for your skin type than a more comprehensive routine that isn't specifically formulated for your skin's unique needs. If you're looking for expert guidance to develop a personalized skincare routine, go to Olansky Dermatology.